USA 2020

Sample description
Country: USA 2020
Study title: American Time Use Survey
Collector: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor
When conducted: Conducted January 1-March 17, 2020 and May 10-December 1, 2020
Sampling method and study design: This study monitors what people across the USA are doing on any given day.

The ATUS is a national sample of adults aged 15 or older in private households (not nursing homes or institutions), and is drawn from a stratified three-stage random sub-sample of households that have completed the 8th and final wave of the Current Population Survey (CPS). The diary takes place two to five months after the final CPS interview. While largely similar to the first year of the ATUS, budget cuts required the reducation in the sample size from 2004. Some minor amendments have been made to the code frame each year. From 2005, the codes assigned to the travel activities were renumbered.

Secondary activities are limited in the ATUS. Information about secondary childcare as well as (since 2011) secondary eldercare is available.

The diaries were collected from one person per household about the day before the interview (yesterday) using computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Participants were assigned to complete a diary for a particular day of the week. If people were sampled for a Monday and could not complete the diary on the first Monday of attempted contact, then the interviewers tried to call again for information about another Monday. The interviewers tried to contact people for 8 weeks. Half of the diaries were collected on weekend days, and half on weekdays. Respondents were contacted by mail with information about the study before being phoned for the diary interview. Around 5% of CPS households did not have a phone. These households are included. People in households with no phone were sent a $40 debit card, which could be activated with a pin number. Respondents received the pin number if they called the interview team to do the diary interview. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish.

The study collects one 24-hour diary from participants. Interviewers recorded activities in respondent's own words. The diaries started at 4AM, and respondents told the interviewer the time that they started and stopped each activity. The diary collected main activity only (only secondary child care, but no other secondary activities), who else was present, and location/mode of transport. If people were working, they were then asked which activities from the diary day were done for their main job or for another job, and also which activities were activities they were paid to do. Also, for those people who looked after a child aged <13 on the diary day, respondents were asked to indicate during which activities a child aged <13 was in their care (paid work, sleep and grooming excluded). The software and the interviewers used some diary information to fill in some gaps - for instance to note that an activity was travel is the diarist reported a mode of transport but no activity.

The 2020 ATUS data collection was interrupted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020 data may not be used to produce annual estimates of time use. The data were collected January 1 through March 17 and May 10 through December 31.
Sample size: 8,782 time diary data respondents
Response rate: 39.0%
Weighting procedures: The data include weights which adjust for oversampling of some groups, adjust for non-response, and balance the days of the week. The weights also inflate to the size of the national population but do not cover the March 18, 2020 to May 9, 2020 period due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sources of information: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Available documentation: Questionnaire
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