IND_CPS8 is a 5-digit numeric variable.
(Industry codes are 4 digits; each is preceded by a zero in the first position.)
IND_CPS8 reports the type of industry in which the person performed his or her primary occupation. "Industry" refers to the work setting and economic sector, while "occupation" relates to the worker's specific technical function. IND_CPS8 reports the four-digit Census industry code. More than 250 industries are represented.
Researchers who would like broader industry categories may wish to use IND2_CPS8, which collapses industry data into fewer, broader categories.
IND_CPS8 was drawn from the final CPS interview, conducted 2-5 months before the ATUS interview. Industry information for the respondent's main job was also collected at the time of the ATUS interview. See IND (and IND2).
If a respondent has a second job, IND_OJ_CPS8 reports the industry information for that job using the same four-digit Census industry codes as IND_CPS8. IND2_OJ_CPS8 reports industry information for the second job using the broader categories. Industry information for the respondent's second job was not collected at the time of the ATUS interview
From 2003-2008, industry in CPS follows the 2002 Census Industry classification system. Beginning in the 2009 CPS, industry data were classified using the 2007 Census Industry classification system. Starting January 2014, industry data were classified using the 2012 Census Industry classification system. From 2020 forward, industry data were classified using the 2017 Industry Classification system.
- CPS Civilians 15+ who: were currently employed; or had worked previously and were looking for work; or were not currently in the labor force but had worked previously.