The with whom filter allows users to restrict the time use variable currently being created to those that occurred alone or with specified others (see RELATEW). The default selection is no specifications, meaning that the times spent in each of the selected activities (given other filter selections) are added together regardless of who was present during the activities.
Users who want to filter activities based on the presence of other people may distinguish between whether ALL of the people must be present or ANY of the selected persons must be present; users may also specify the persons that must not be present for the duration of an activity to be included in the time use variable creation.
The distinction between ANY and ALL refers specifically to the "Present" column of selections. For example, to analyze time spent in activities where both a spouse and own household child were present, select ALL and "Present" for both "Spouse" and "Own household child." Leaving all other persons at the system default (Does not matter) allows other people to also be present during activities. To analyze time spent in activities where either a spouse or own household child was present, select ANY and "Present" for both "Spouse/Unmarried Partner" and "Own household child." When all other types of people are left at the system default (Does not matter), the system will return time spent in activities when either a spouse or an own household child (or both) was present regardless of who else also accompanied the ATUS respondent during the activity.
Users may also restrict the creation of time use variables to include only activities when specified types of people are present and other specified types of people are not present. Selecting "Not Present" for certain types of people adds another restriction to the creation of the time use variable; any persons marked as "Not present" must not be present during the activity for the duration of the activity to be used in the creation of the time use variable. To analyze time spent alone with a spouse and not with anyone else, specify "Spouse" as "Present" and all other types of people as "Not Present."
The system also allows users to distinguish between time spent with specified own household children. For example, to analyze time spent with own household children under 5, click on "Specify age and sex" next to "Own household children." Change the age range from 0 to 17 to 0 to 5 and leave sex as the default (either). Specify this type of child as "Present." Note that an additional selection is then available for all unspecified household children; in this example, unspecified household children are those ages 6 to 17.
Effectively, this option allows users to analyze time spent in the company (or not in the company) of specified types of own household children.
At this point, the with whom filter is designed to meet the needs of most users. Those who are limited by the capabilities of the with whom feature may find the hierarchical data more suitable.
With whom information is not asked for certain activities (see WHO_ASK), including sleeping (0101xx), grooming (0102xx), personal activities (0104xx), "respondent refused to answer" (500105), and "respondent didn't remember" (500106). Prior to 2010, with whom data were not collected during work activities (0501xx). Starting in 2006, with whom data are not collected for high school respondents who are taking class (060101).
In 2010, four new with whom categories were added to describe different types of people the respondent could report being with at work. The extract builder only includes time spent in activities with(out) other people during which with whom data were collected. Accordingly, users who want to analyze time spent alone should restrict their time use variable to exclude paid work activities.