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Relationship to ATUS respondent

Codes and Frequencies

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RELATE reports the relationship of each household member to the ATUS respondent.

In addition to all persons who live in the household, the household roster includes any of the respondent's own children (biological, step, or adopted) under the age of 18 who live in the respondent's household less than 50% of the time.

"Own child" refers to the respondent's biological child, adopted child, or step child.

"Other related person" may include the respondent's an aunt, cousin, nephew, mother-in-law, etc.

Note: Not all non-resident children of the ATUS respondents are under age 18 despite the relationship label.


Researchers who want to identify individuals in same-sex relationships should be aware of the following data edits. Starting in 2010, edits were updated to permit same-sex unmarried couples. Same-sex married couples were coded as same-sex unmarried couples. Starting in 2020, edits were updated to permit same-sex married couples.


  • ATUS respondent household members.


  • 2003-2022