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RECTYPE is a 1-character variable. Correspondence between values in the data and record types is as follows:

1 = H (Household)
2 = P (Person)
3 = A (Activity)
4 = W (Who)
5 = R (Eldercare recipient)


RECTYPE assigns all household records the value "1"; person records are assigned "2"; activity records are assigned "3"; who records are assigned "4"; and eldercare records are assigned "5". This allows users to discriminate between different types of records in the data. Each household record is followed by one or more person records. ATUS respondents (LINENO=1) are followed by many activity records, which comprise the main time diary component of the data. Respondents may report many people with whom the activity was done; accordingly these records follow the activities to which they correspond. Finally, in 2011 forward, eldercare records include information about the individuals to whom the ATUS respondent has provided care.


This variable is comparable across years.


  • All households.


  • 2003-2022


This variable has no flags.